Textile Glossary

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Vascular graftGraft such as blood vessels or heart valves.
Velour"A medium weight, closely woven fabric with a thick pile. It can be made using either a plain weave or a satin weave construction. It resembles velvet, but has a lower cut pile. End uses include apparel, upholstery, and drapes."
Velvet"A medium weight cut-pile constructed fabric in which the cut pile stands up very straight. It is woven using two sets of warp yarns; the extra set creates the pile. Velvet, a luxurious fabric, is commonly made with a filament fiber for high luster and sm
Velveteen"A cotton cut-pile weave fabric, utilizing extra fill yarn construction, with either a twill or a plain weave back. The fabric is woven with two sets of filling yarns; the extra set creates the pile."
Venetian fabricA smooth-faced satin weave wool fabric which has been cropped to reveal a fine diagonal twill.
Vertical lapping"A process in which a web is fed downwards to form vertical layers alongside each other, thereby creating a corrugated structure (see also horizontal lapping)."
Viloft"Acordis's brand name for a viscose fibre with a hollow cross-section which offers softness, extra bulk and absorbency."
Viscose"The most common type of rayon. It is produced in much greater quantity than cuprammonium rayon, the other commercial type."
Viscose fibreThe generic name for a type of cellulosic fibre obtained by the viscose process.
ViscosityThe resistance of a liquid to flow.
Voile"A crisp, lightweight, plain weave cotton-like fabric, made with high twist yarns in a high yarn count construction. Similar in appearance to organdy and organza. Used in blouses dresses and curtains."
VulcanisationA process in which rubber is treated with sulphur or sulphur compounds under heat and pressure to improve elasticity and strength.